Anterior Knee Pain
Anterior knee pain usually develops because of pathology developing in the kneecap or patellofemoral joint. Less commonly it can also arise in any part of the mechanism responsible for straightening the knee against resistance, including the tendons above and below the kneecap, and the bone to which they are attached. In the vast majority of cases symptoms are relatively mild and precipitated by certain types of exercise, particularly exercise involving lunging or stepping.
After appropriate investigation, treatment usually consists of activity modification, specific patellofemoral physiotherapy (sometimes including the use of tape applied to the skin around the knee), and in selected cases the use of contoured orthotic insoles. Surgical treatment is rarely required.